Prepare for CPOE Tool

Who should take a CPOE Evaluation Tool?

Adult and general hospitals that have CPOE implemented in at least one inpatient unit of the hospital are asked to complete a CPOE Evaluation Tool as part of Section 2 of the Leapfrog Hospital Survey. The testing of a hospital’s CPOE system is a key part of the Leapfrog Hospital Survey and all Survey deadlines apply to the CPOE Evaluation Tool as well. 


What is the CPOE Evaluation Tool?

The CPOE Evaluation Tool was designed by medication safety experts and researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital and the University of Utah to test the ability of inpatient CPOE systems to alert prescribers to common, serious medication errors. In addition, the Tool was designed to help hospitals improve on their use of clinical decision support to reduce adverse drug events and improve medication safety. The Tool was first included in the Leapfrog Hospital Survey in 2008. This is the fourth release of the tool (version 3.5) and includes minor updates to test patients and orders, as well as updates to the Orders and Observation Sheet and Online Answer Form.

The CPOE Evaluation Tool includes both a Sample Test and an Adult Inpatient Test. All hospitals are urged to complete the Sample Test prior to the Adult Inpatient Test. Only a hospital's score on the Adult Inpatient Test is used to determine their overall performance on Leapfrog's CPOE Standard.

The timed test provides users with a set of Test Patients, along with a corresponding set of Test Medication Orders, that users enter into their hospital’s CPOE and related clinical systems. The physician conducting the test records the advice or information they received, if any, from their hospital’s CPOE system onto the Orders and Observation Sheet, and then completes the Online Answer Form. Users receive immediate scoring and feedback summarizing the results of the test. The Tool includes twelve order checking categories including drug-drug interaction, drug-allergy, therapeutic duplications, single and daily dose limits, and others. More information about the order checking categories included in the CPOE Evaluation Tool is available in the CPOE Evaluation Tool Instructions


How Do I Access CPOE Evaluation Tool?

Hospitals can access the CPOE Evaluation Tool from the Survey Dashboard, once they have submitted Sections 1 and 2 of the Online Survey Tool. Users can return to complete and submit the rest of the Survey at a later date (Sections 3-9). 


How is the Test Conducted?

Once you submit Sections 1 and 2 in the Online Survey Tool, the “Take CPOE Tool” button will appear on the Survey Dashboard. A brief hospital information form will need to be completed. Once the form is complete, continue on to the next screen to select a Sample or Adult Inpatient Test from the drop-down menu.

Time Limits and Steps 

Time Limits Test Steps
Steps 1 - 2 must be completed within 3 hours.

Step 1: (a) Print a list of test patients and (b) log out of the Tool. 

Step 2: (a) Enter the test patients in your hospital's production environment (or a test environment that mirrors your production environment exactly) and (b) log back into the Tool to confirm completion of Step 2 and proceed to Step 3. 

Steps 3 - 6 must be completed within 3 hours.



Any remaining time from Steps 1 and 2 does not carry over to this portion of the test. 

We recommend leaving at least 45 minutes to perform Step 5. 

Step 3: (a) Print the Orders and Observation Sheet and (b) log out of the Tool. 

Step 4: (a) Have a prescriber who routinely orders medications through your inpatient CPOE system enter and sign the test orders(s) assigned to east test patient (b) the prescriber must record any advice or information he/she receives from the system onto the Orders and Observation Sheet (c) discontinue the test order(s) before moving on to the next order and then (d) log back into the tool to confirm completion of Step 4 and proceed to Step 5. 

Note: Do not record any advice or information on the Orders and Observations Sheet that was sent directly to a pharmacist. 

Step 5: (a) Record the responses from the Orders and Observation Sheet onto the online answer sheet (b) review the online answer sheet for accuracy and completeness (c) submit the online answer form proceeding to Step 6. 

Step 6: Complete and submit the Affirmation. 

IMPORTANT NOTICE: If you close the browser before submitting the Affirmation your hospital will receive a score of "Incomplete Evaluation" and you will not be able to return to the test for 120 days. 

Step 7 has no time limit. Step 7: View and print your results.


The same time limit applies to both the Sample and Adult Inpatient Tests. For each test started, you have:

  • 3 hours elapsed time to complete Steps 1-2, then
  • 3 hours elapsed time to complete Steps 3-6

Elapsed time runs continuously, 24/7, and is not interrupted or suspended during “non-business hours.” If you exceed these time limits, the Tool will "time out" and consider the test “incomplete.” The test will be recorded in the Online Survey as “Incomplete Evaluation” and Leapfrog will not give credit to your hospital for taking that test. It is not possible to go back to a previous step in the test.

More detailed information, including how to plan for the test, is available in the CPOE Evaluation Tool Instructions


How is the CPOE Evaluation Tool scored?

More information about the CPOE Evaluation Tool scoring can be found in Scoring and Results.


How Will the Results Be Used?

Results from the CPOE Evaluation Tool will be combined with a hospital’s CPOE implementation status to determine its overall score on the CPOE standard. More information is available in Scoring and Results.


Are you ready to start a test? Download the detailed set of instructions here.


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